Zamboanga Research Center


Technical Description

  • Location:   San Ramon, Zamboanga City (Western Mindanao)
  • Bearing:   Latitude - 07oN; Longitude - 121o55’E
  • Total Area:   415.30 hectares
  • Elevation:   3-6 m (above sea level)
  • Climate:   Type B (Humid), Max. 3dry months and Max. 9 wet months
  • Rainfall:   139 mm (monthly average) or 1668 mm (yearly average)
  • Temperature:   23-25oC
  • Soils:   Parent material - alluvium and volcanic aglomerates;  Soil classification - Mixed Inceptisol and Entisol (order), Typic Dystropepts (sub-group), San Ramon loam (dominant soil type)


A Center of excellence for coconut and oil palm research and development in varietal improvement, farming systems, food and non-food (farm wastes) processing and utilization


To generate technologies on varietal improvement, palm products and farm waste utilization, and farming systems.


Varietal Improvement

  • To improve the yield of coconut varieties through the utilization of heterosis or hybrid vigor between populations of distant origins;
  • To improve the precocity and dwarfness of local populations;
  • To screen and breed for pest and disease resistant varieties;
  • To breed for widely adaptable coconut genotypes

Coconut Timber Utilization

  • To conduct researches geared towards optimal processing and utilization of coconut timber, fiber and other coconut-based biomass.
  • To design, develop and commercialize fiber and timber processing machineries in the course of research activities.
  • To develop, promote and commercialize technologies on the utilizaton of coconut timber, fiber and other biomass furniture, fiber-boards, handicrafts, charcoal and other products.

Technical Divisions

  • Plant Genetic Resources Conservation and Utilization Division
  • Non-Food Product Development Division

Generated Technologies

  • Standardized Breeding and Research Techniques on Coconut
  • Coconut Field Genebank Establishment and Management
  • Coconut Seedgarden Establishment and Management
  • Coconut-Based Farming Technologies
  • Embryo Culture Technology
  • DNA Molecular Marker Technology (SSR, QTLs, etc)
  • Village Level Copra Processing vCopra Dryers
  • Coconut Wood Utilization vDecorticating/Bailing machines
  • Coconut Fiberboard (CFB)
  • Coconut Product and By-Product Utilization
  • Coconut Novelties, Special Paper Production
  • Coconut Methyl Ester (CME)
  • Coconut Sugar/Honey

ZRC Facilities


R&D Breakthroughs

  • Developed the “Orgullo” Tall SV San Ramon - superior and prolific breeding coconut populations developed in Zamboanga following the Synthetic Variety (SYN VAR) approach and the application of molecular marker technology
  • The PCA genebank in Zamboanga has become one of the most important assemblage of local and foreign coconut ecotypes in the world with emphasis on indigenous materials. A total of 262 accessions were collected consisting of 107 talls, 53 dwarfs and 102 hybrid/line collections.
  • PCA Recommended coconut hybrids for National Coconut Planting and Replanting Program (NCPRP). Fifteen coconut variety hybrids, registered with the National Seed Industry Council were recommended for the NCPRP. These hybrids possess superior productivity (4-6 tons copra/ha/year), higher medium chain fatty acid (MCFA) contents and higher tolerance to adverse growing conditions than the traditional varieties.
  • MULTILOC ACTPRO. On the basis of Distinct, Uniform and Stable (DUS) principle, and nut and copra yield, 6 hybrids (MYD x WAT, MRD x TAGT, MRD x RIT, MRD x BAYT, MRD x HJT and TACD x BAOT) were identified and were piloted in expanded trials nationwide.
  • Embryo Culture (EC) technique for mass production of Makapuno. An EC Makapuno laboratory was set-up at the Center to provide in vitro grown makapuno seedlings capable of producing 100% makapuno nuts. It is now being utilized for the coconut collecting missions and germplasm exchange.
  • Development of Synthetic Variety of coconut. Considered and recognized as the first of its kind in the world. The production of synthetic variety is regarded as the ultimate strategy in the mass production of improved materials. The second generation (Syn1) of the coconut Synthetic Variety has been recently field planted in the 20-hectare area of the Center.
  • Established Coconut World to serve as an interactive showcase of coconut information and technologies in the region
  • Manufacture of cement-bonded fiberboards from coconut farm residues such as wood from mature coconut stems, husks, leaves and fronds. A two-level metal-framed CFB house is being constructed to test the serviceability of the coir-cement boards for such uses as exterior walling and weatherboards and roofing panels.
  • Pioneered the fabrication of simple and effective decorticating machines to transform coco-husks into coco-peat and coco-fiber.
  • Production and Utilization of Coconut Methyl Ester - Utilizing the “cruzesterification process” and in partnership with GO’s and NGO’s mass production of CME at the village level will be given higher priority considering the country’s current fuel supply problems.


For additional information, please contact:

Office of the Manager. Zamboanga Research Center. Philippine Coconut Authority.
San Ramon, 7000 Zamboanga City.
Telefax: +6362 9820302. E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.